References: Myanmar Census 2014
According to the most recently available disaggregated data from 2009/10, 73 percent of people in Chin State live below the poverty line, while 25 percent live in extreme poverty. This is significantly higher than both the national averages of 25 percent and 5 percent respectively as well as the next poorest, Rakhine State. The same data shows that in rural areas of Chin State, 66 percent of Chin households have access to a primary school within an hour’s walk and only 16 percent of households have access to a secondary school, compared with much higher national averages of 89 and 24 percent respectively.
The lack of middle and high schools in remote rural Chin areas means that if families want their children’s education to continue beyond primary level, they must either migrate to an urban area as a family or find the financial means to send children to board with relatives in towns while they complete their schooling, which is very difficult for low-income families. Such challenges negatively impact educational attainment in Chin State.
The adult literacy rate in Chin State is 79 percent compared with the national average of 89 percent. The pass-rate in Chin State for matriculation examinations at the end of secondary school has consistently been the lowest in the country for the past two decades, well below the national average, limiting progression from secondary school to tertiary education. For example, in the 2017-2018 academic year the pass-rate in Chin State was the lowest at 17 percent, compared with the national average of 33 percent.
As only a small number of students from Chin State pass matriculation (an average of 15.2% compared with the national average of 33%, in the period of 2014-2018) and have the financial means to access tertiary education - and therefore the possibility of becoming a teacher or otherwise contributing to their community an intergenerational cycle of poverty and barriers to accessing education is perpetuated.